Psychology is the scientific study of the human mind and behavior, according to the American Psychological Association. It is the study of the mind, how it works, and how it affects behavior.
The four main goals of psychology are to describe, explain, predict and change the behavior and mental processes of others
There are different types of psychology that serve different purposes: clinical, developmental, evolutionary, forensic, health, social, occupational, neuropsychology. Other branches include military, consumer, educational, cross-cultural, and environmental psychology. The number of branches continues to grow.
There is no fixed way of classifying them, but here are some common types.
Clinical psychology integrates science, theory, and practice in order to understand, predict and relieve problems with adjustment, disability, and discomfort. It promotes adaption, adjustment, and personal development.
A clinical psychologist concentrates on the intellectual, emotional, biological, psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of human performance throughout a person’s life, across varying cultures and socioeconomic levels.
Clinical psychology can help us to understand, prevent, and alleviate psychologically-caused distress or dysfunction, and promote an individual’s well-being and personal development.
Psychological assessment and psychotherapy are central to the practice of clinical psychology, but clinical psychologists are often also involved in research, training, forensic testimony, and other areas.